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1967



1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1967th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 967th year of the 2nd millennium, the 67th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1960s decade.




1967



EDITOR'S NOTE: The following is the text of the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 (Pub. L. 90-202) (ADEA), as amended, as it appears in volume 29 of the United States Code, beginning at section 621. The ADEA prohibits employment discrimination against persons 40 years of age or older. The Older Workers Benefit Protection Act (Pub. L. 101-433) amended several sections of the ADEA. In addition, section 115 of the Civil Rights Act of 1991 (P.L. 102-166) amended section 7(e) of the ADEA (29 U. S.C. 626(e)). Cross references to the ADEA as enacted appear in italics following each section heading. Editor's notes also appear in italics.


The Naksa was a continuation of a prior central event that paved the way for the 1967 war. Nineteen years earlier, in 1948, the state of Israel came into being in a violent process that entailed the ethnic cleansing of Palestine.


In 1967, Israel absorbed the whole of historical Palestine, as well as additional territory from Egypt and Syria. By the end of the war, Israel had expelled another 300,000 Palestinians from their homes, including 130,000 who were displaced in 1948, and gained territory that was three and a half times its size.


On May 13, 1967, the Soviet Union falsely warned Egypt that Israel was assembling its troops to invade Syria. Under an Egyptian-Syrian defence treaty signed in 1955, the two countries were obliged to protect one another in the case of an attack on either.


In six days, Israel brought more than one million Palestinians under its direct control in the West Bank, East Jerusalem and the Gaza Strip. The 1967 war turned Israel into the country with the largest Palestinian population.


The belief that the outcome of 1967 was a miracle reinforced the idea to religious and messianic Zionists who believed, based on religious convictions, that they had a right to the entirety of the Holy Land.


Just one year after the 1967 war, there were six Israeli settlements built in the Syrian Golan Heights. By 1973, Israel had established 17 settlements in the West Bank and seven in the Gaza Strip. By 1977, some 11,000 Israelis had been living in the West Bank, Gaza Strip, the Golan Heights and the Sinai Peninsula.


All the while, Israel, since 1967, has proceeded with illegally building homes and transferring its Jewish citizens into the West Bank and East Jerusalem, on stolen Palestinian land. Today, at least 600,000 Israelis live in Jewish-only settlements scattered across the West Bank and East Jerusalem.


The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 (ADEA) protects certain applicants and employees 40 years of age and older from discrimination on the basis of age in hiring, promotion, discharge, compensation, or terms, conditions or privileges of employment. The ADEA is enforced by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.


Stephen Wermiel. 2009. Keyishian v. Board of Regents (1967) [electronic resource]. The First Amendment Encyclopedia, Middle Tennessee State University (accessed Mar 30, 2023). -amendment/article/15/keyishian-v-board-of-regents


Marburg virus was first recognized in 1967, when outbreaks of hemorrhagic fever occurred simultaneously in laboratories in Marburg and Frankfurt, Germany and in Belgrade, Yugoslavia (now Serbia). Thirty-one people became ill, initially laboratory workers followed by several medical personnel and family members who had cared for them. Seven deaths were reported. The first people infected had been exposed to Ugandan imported African green monkeys or their tissues while conducting research. One additional case was diagnosed retrospectively.


The cooperation and commitment between the Reedy Creek Improvement District and Walt Disney World Company is as strong today as it was when the District was created in 1967. The result is an example of how a working partnership between business and government can be prosperous for both sides.


On the morning of June 5, 1967, Israel launched a preemptive strike against Egyptian forces in response to Egypt's closing of the Straits of Tiran. By June 11, the conflict had come to include Jordan and Syria. As a result of this conflict, Israel gained control over the Sinai peninsula, the Golan Heights, the West Bank, the Gaza Strip and East Jerusalem. Israeli claims on these territories, and the question of the Palestinians stranded there, posed a long term challenge to Middle East diplomacy. Since the Arab-Israeli War of 1948, the Israelis had clashed intermittently with Palestinian Arabs and Arab forces from the neighboring states. By the mid-1960s, these incidents intensified causing increased diplomatic tensions in the Middle East. On April 7, 1967 a skirmish on land turned into a major air battle during which Israel shot down six Syrian MiG aircraft over Mount Hermon on the Golan Heights. This led President Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt immediately offered to assist Syria in the event of a future Israeli attack.


By the end of May, despite diplomatic efforts, tensions continued to rise. The withdrawal of the United Nations forces from the Sinai, the redeployment of Egyptian troops to the Sinai, the massing of hostile forces on the Israeli border, and the signing of a Mutual Defense Pact between Egypt and Jordan on May 30, weakened U.S. efforts to dissuade Israel from taking military action. The war began on June 5, 1967, when Israeli airplanes attacked the Egyptian air force and destroyed many airfields. Between June 5 and June 11, Israeli Defense Forces led onslaughts against Egyptian forces in Sinai and Gaza, and against the Jordanian military in East Jerusalem and the West Bank. The conflict ended with significant battles against Syrian forces on the Golan Heights between June 9 and 10. By June 11, Israel controlled territory previously held by the Arabs in the Sinai, the Golan Heights, the West Bank, the Gaza Strip and East Jerusalem.


Following the war, the issue of the return of Israel-occupied territories received most attention. U.S. President Johnson spoke out against any permanent change in the legal and political status of the Israeli-occupied territories and emphasized that Arab land should be returned only as part of an overall peace settlement that recognized Israel's right to exist. The principle of land for peace was embodied in United Nations Security Council Resolution 242 adopted in November 1967. Resolution 242 called for the Israeli withdrawal from the territories it had occupied following the 1967 war in exchange for peace with its neighbors. The land for peace formula served as the basis for future Middle East negotiations.


The Kalven Committee was appointed in February 1967 by President George W. Beadle. This faculty committee was charged with preparing "a statement on the University's role in political and social action." The resulting Kalven Report now stands as one of the most important policy documents at the University of Chicago. It affirms the University's commitment to the academic freedom of faculty and students in the face of suppression from internal and/or external entities while also insisting on institutional neutrality on political and social issues.


Territories/In the 1967 war, Israel captured the Golan Heightsfrom Syria, the West Bank including East Jerusalem from Jordan, and the GazaStrip and the Sinai Peninsula from Egypt. Except for the Sinai, Israel stillholds all those territories.


The so-called "land for peace" formula at the center of the 199-92 Mideastnegotiations comes down to Israeli withdrawal from some or all of theterritories acquired in 1967 in exchange for recognition by Israel'sneighboring states of its right to live in peace, and a settlement betweenIsrael and the Palestinians.


Population/By capturing the West Bank and the Gaza Strip in 1967,Israel also captured about one million Palestinians. Many were the sameindividuals who had fled their homes in 1947-49, or the children of thoserefugees. Since 1967, the Palestinian population of the West Bank and Gaza hasincreased to about 1.8 million.


This population is often described as a demographic time bomb for Israel. Thebirth rate of Arabs in the occupied territories and Arabs within pre-1967Israel is significantly higher than the birth rate among Israeli Jews. Despitethe influx of hundreds of thousands of Soviet Jews to Israel in the early1990s, if the higher Arab birth rate continues and no settlement is reached,Israel will lose its Jewish majority within the foreseeable future.


Israel has not been willing to offer citizenship to the Arabs of the West Bankand Gaza, as they did with the Arabs in pre-1967 Israel, nor to expel them, assome hard-liners have advocated, nor to grant them self-determination, whichwould result in the creation of a Palestinian state.


PLO and Likud/Before 1967, the leading spokesman for thePalestinian cause was not a Palestinian but Egyptian President Gamal AbdelNasser. After the humiliating six-day defeat, Nasser offered his resignation.It was not accepted, and his popularity remained high, but Nasser died in 1970without having successfully reasserted his leadership of the Palestinian cause.In the aftermath of the 1967 war, the Palestine Liberation Organization, whichhad been controlled by Nasser, was taken over by Yasir Arafat. The PLO soongained the leadership position among Palestinians it has enjoyed ever since.


Before 1967, Menachem Begin was an outsider in Israeli politics, shunned as tooradical, expansionist and intransigent by founding Prime Minister DavidBen-Gurion. But in the weeks leading to the 1967 war, Prime Minister LeviEshkol, Ben-Gurion's successor, brought Begin into the cabinet as a symbol thatthe crisis required national unity. It was a breakthrough toward respectabilityfor Begin. Although he later resigned from the cabinet, he became primeminister himself in 1977. His hardline Likud bloc has dominated Israelipolitics ever since. 041b061a72


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